Taylor Jolin

Hacker | Musician | Innovator | Dreamer

Category: Technology


How to Soft-Jailbreak the iPhone 8 on iOS 16.5

So there are two different types of jailbreaks in my opinion… and this is probably universal however I don’t know the terms in the Jailbreak community. Anyways, a hard jailbreak, to me, is when you flash the iOS operating system with something else and it natively boots to that new operating system. A soft jailbreak, is when you boot an OS that is different but it is not written to the device, so when you reset the device the jailbreak is gone. This is the one we are going to focus on today, the soft jailbreak.

A quick disclaimer: I am not responsible if Apple turns you into a human centipad, sues you, whatever. I am also not responsible if you brick your phone.

There are a number of ways to do this, using a Windows computer (which I have not tested); a Linux computer, which is a little more cumbersome than my preferred method which, finally, is using an Apple computer.

Other things you will need:
-An Apple branded USB-A to lightning adapter cable
-A USB hub of some sort (I am using a USB-C to USB-A 3 port hub)

Another Disclaimer: if you want to use a Linux or Windows computer to do this, be warned that you should not do this using an AMD chip. Intel gives the best results.

The exploit we are going to use to do this is called PaleRa1n. You can get it here, but make sure to grab the appropriate version for your setup. One suggestion however, if you are on a Mac, either Intel or M series, grab the UNIVERSAL package and download.

First you may need some packages to run this exploit. Let’s get them by running the following in a terminal window.

sudo python3 -m ensurepip
sudo python3 -m pip install setuptools xattr

Now cd into your Downloads folder and enter the following.

sudo xattr -c palera1n-macos-universal This command sets extended attributes for the exploit we are going to run. Next run

sudo chmod +x palera1n-macos-universal This command makes the file executable.

Now for the next part… PAY CLOSE ATTENTION… Wipe your iPhone 8 and wait for it to revert to factory settings. You can either backup your data or not, that’s up to you and I am in no way responsible for lost data.

Once it is wiped and restored plug it into your Mac and navigate back to your downloads folder. In a terminal window run the following command:


And follow the onscreen prompts. You will then be prompted to hold some keys on the phone, do this and then you will enter DFU mode. Wait for your iPhone to fully boot and then go through the initial setup. Once complete you will see an app on there that looks like a raindrop called PaleRa1n, go ahead and open it and install the packages inside.

That’s it. You have soft jail broken your iPhone 8 on iOS 16.5. This will work for other iPhones and iOS’s as well but I have only detailed the one use case.

For more information on this goto PaleRa1n’s official GitHub or visit the install guide here if you have any further questions.


Packet Sniffing with Airodump-ng

Airodump-ng is part of the Airocrack-ng suite. It is a packet sniffer designed to capture packets while in monitor mode.

DISCLAIMER: As I have said before, I am not responsible if you choose to do something stupid and get yourself arrested. Hack legally and hack friendly!

How to use Airodump-ng

  1. First we must enable monitor mode on our interface. If you do not know how, read through this.
  2. Next, enter the following command to begin the program: airodump-ng INTERFACE_NAME
    NOTE: This program will run until you force it to quit.

Now analyze the data you retrieve. You will see a list of BSSIDs or Network Names.

Below is a list and explanation of what you will see.

Nodes MAC AddressSignal StrenghFrames sent by network to broadcast its existanceNumber of Data packetsNumber of packets collect in past 10 secondsChannel network broadcasts onMaximum Bandwidth SupportedEncryption TypeCipher used in network encryptionAuthentication used in networkName of network

NOTE: The best adapter to use to sniff packets across networks is the Alfa Network AWUS036AC* series. The one I am using is the AWUS036ACS, which is small and fits neatly into my bag. I also have a multitude of antennas to use for wireless sniffing.

How to listen to 5 Ghz channels

By default, Airodump-ng only listens to 2.4 Ghz channels, so to enable the 5 Ghz scanning do the following:

  1. Start Airodump-ng by using the band argument: airodump-ng --band a INTERFACE_NAME

You can also specify multiple bands using the band argument. For example;
airodump-ng --band abg INTERFACE_NAME

NOTE: Your wireless card needs to support this feature. Also keep in mind that this requires a great deal of power and slows resources.


How to enter Monitor Mode for WiFi Hacking

Monitor mode allows you to sniff packets and capture them in real time. Using a program such as Wireshark, you can then rebuild and analyze these packet captures.

  1. First check the status of the wireless and see what mode it is in using: iwconfig
  2. Next we must disable our selected interface using: ifconfig INTERFACE-NAME down
  3. This step may be optional, but in most cases you will want to kill tasks that could be a detriment to the packet capture. Do this using: airmon-ng check kill
    • NOTE: Running the previous command will display some suggested apps to kill prior to running the capture. To kill these apps use: kill PID
  4. Now we will enable monitor mode. To do so use the following: iwconfig INTERFACE_NAME mode monitor
  5. Finally, you must re-enable the interface using: ifconfig INTERFACE_NAME up
  6. Test to make sure you are in monitor mode using: iwconfig

Anonymous – How To Change Your MAC Address

In this short tutorial, I will teach you how to change your computers MAC address in order to remain anonymous while pen testing a network.

DISCLAIMER: I am not responsible for any illegal use of this technique.

NOTE: I am not using Kali Linux for my pen testing rig. I am using Ubuntu 22 and have built it out with all of the tools that I require to do my pen testing. This technique should work on newer Debian based distributions.

Why change the MAC Address

  • To maintain anonymity while performing network penetration testing.
  • To impersonate other devices on the network
  • Bypassing filters

How to change the MAC Address

  1. First, use ifconfig to list all interfaces on the machine.
  2. Find the interface you wish to choose the MAC address of.
    • note the MAC address and interface name
  3. In order to proceed with changing the MAC of your chosen interface, you must disable it first before changing it’s MAC address.
    • ifconfig INTERFACE-NAME down
  4. Now we can change the hardware address, or ether address
    • ifconfig INTERFACE-NAME hw ether 00:00:00:00:00:00
    • NOTE: you can use any address but it must start with 00
  5. Now we must re-enable the interface for it to work
    • ifconfig INTERFACE-NAME up
    • NOTE: The MAC Address will only remain until the computer is restarted. Once it is restarted it will revert back to the original hardware address.


Pentesting Methodology – Physical Attacks

This workflow is in no way associated with any other framework. This is my personal general approach to hacking a machine or network. Also, this is in no particular order, just a brain dump of how I would do something.

Physical Attacks

Do you have physical access to the network or a machine? If so there are a ton of physical attacks that can be waged on a network or machine.

One attack that is fairly easy to do is outlined below. I refer to it as the SETHC Attack. Remember, you need physical access to the machine you are attacking for this hack to work.

  1. First, you need to find an boot disk of some sort. Linux Distro, Hiren’s Boot CD, anything that gives access to the file directory. Once you have your boot disc in order, insert it into the computer and reboot. Enter the Bios’ boot mode and select the media that you wish to boot to (i.e. your boot disc).
  2. Once booted, use the file manager and locate a file called SETHC.EXE. It will be located in C:\Windows\System32\
  3. Make a copy of the file and name it whatever you like.
  4. Find the executable for the CMD Prompt, CMD.EXE, which is also in that folder. Copy it and rename it SETHC.EXE
  5. Reboot the computer and let it boot into Windows.
  6. At the login screen, hit the SHIFT button 5 times and a CMD window will appear.
  7. Type in the following to reset the local administrator account:
    • net user administrator password
    • NOTE: password should be changed to your desired password
  8. Login to the computer with the local admin account.

So what is Log4j and why do we care?

Well, first, we need to understand what Log4j is. Essentially, Log4j is the logging function that is built-in in Java applications. This current vulnerability is affecting Apache servers; however, I feel that it will spread to a larger domain of targets aside from web servers.

On December 9th, the initial vulnerability was discovered, and software and hardware makers scrambled to issue patches for their products. A few days later, however, Hideki Okamoto of Akamai Technologies and other researchers found additional vulnerabilities within the patches.

So why is this a big deal? Well, Java is a colossal language and has a presence in a large number of consumer products. This vulnerability allows for the remote execution of code. When exploited, Log4J enables the attacker to remotely inject code into services that use the Log4j library with system-level privileges.

So what do we do? Updating Java is not enough. One thing you can do is update to Log4j2 version 2.16. If you cannot update, you can mitigate this vulnerability by setting either the system property log4j2.formatMsgNoLookups or the environmental variable LOG4J_FORMAT_MSG_NO_LOOKUPS to TRUE.


Trying out Logic Pro X…

I have become a total Mac enthusiast over the past few years and this is even further down the rabbit hole. I used to use Reaper as my primary DAW but decided to try Logic out finally. I love the editing features of Logic and am now a full convert. This mix in this post is using Logic Pro with the built in EQs and Compressors.

On the master track I have used the Slate Virtual Mix Rack. The guitar tracks are pretty straight forward; my Ibanez 8 string into my old, trusty AxeFX Ultra.